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Saturday, April 8, 2017

PCOS - Understanding the Disease



What is PCOD?
Polycystic ovarian disease or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a condition affecting periods, hormones, fertility and overall appearance and has severe implication on long term health.

About 2-26/100 women worldwide are affected by PCOD, nearly 3 out of every 10 women between the reproductive age group of 15-30 years.


Symptoms of PCOD?
  • Irregularities or infrequent menses with disproportionate or scanty discharge,
  • Excessive weight gain in respect to amount of food consumed or inability to lose weight even after regular exercising
  • Acnes, hair loss, depression, anxiety or irritability.
One can have either one or a combination of these symptoms.



How to diagnose PCOD?
  • Irregular menses, menses happening just 3-4 times/year
  • Hormones with increased levels of Insulin or excessive testosterone
  • Ultrasound suggestive of PCOD
  • Excessive disproportionate unknown weight gain

Which doctors should be approached for treatment of PCOD?
Ideally a Gynecologist or an endocrinologist should be approached. 
Early diagnosis & treatment helps in better healing and, a delay in seeking treatment would require long term correction.


Are there any long term health implications of PCOD?
  • Increased level of insulin may cause insulin resistance which may ultimately lead to Diabetes.
  • Rampant obesity in patients my affect cardio-vascular health which may totally change the life of a person in the long run.
  • Cancer may occur in the long term if treatment is not taken. Risk increases in women having less than 3 menses/year as it may lead to thickening of lining of uterus.

How to correct PCOD?
  • First and foremost visit a Gynecologist or an Endocrinologist to get hormonal correction as it would resolve fertility issues. 
  • Exercise & health diet have a huge impact in correction of PCOD.
  • Taking smaller shorter meals with lots of green vegetables, lean meat. Also decrease intake of caffeine, alcohol, soft drinks and junk food.
  • Do not miss breakfast at any cost. 
  • Exercise 5times/week for around 30-40 minutes. Get a targeted BMI between 19-25 which would ideally help in reducing the risk of Diabetes, Hypertension and Cancer
  • Do not miss your medications. 

Is there a cure for PCOD?
  • Currently there is no total cure for PCOD, but the condition is quite similar to Diabetes little lifestyle changes can bring a huge difference. 
  • Long term check on hormone levels and proper medication are of importance. 

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